The Network Center for Biomedical Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases (CIBERNED) emerges in 2006 as heir to the Center for Research in Neurological Diseases (CIEN), which together with the CNIO, CNIC or CNMVIS constituted the four centers created with the mission of fighting the most prevalent health problems of Spanish society: cancer, cardiovascular diseases, infectious diseases and neurodegeneration.
As for the other Centers, a supporting foundation called CIEN Foundation was created in 2003 as the CIEN's management authority, although unlike the other Centers, it was created as the first Network Center in Spain, eventually being renamed as CIBERNED. Since 2007 the CIEN Foundation has its headquarters in the Alzheimer Center of the Reina Sofia Foundation, created with the collaboration of CIBERNED and the CIEN Foundation, and located in Vallecas (Madrid).
CIBERNED was founded under the auspices of the Carlos III Institute of Health, under a cooperation agreement signed by the Government and other participating institutions with the idea of creating a Research Center in which basic, clinical and population-based studies are integrated in order to develop a single joint research program, focusing on certain pathologies of great importance for the National Health System either for its prevalence or because of its social impact. It has a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional character and it is aimed at boosting the impact of cutting research in neurodegenerative disorders through a Network Research Structure, thus contributing to scientifically substantiate the programs and policies of the National Health System in the priority areas of the National R+D+I.
CIBERNED is a research organism, endowed with legal status under the Article 6.5 of Law 30/1992 of November 26 on the Legal Regime of Public Administrations and Common Administrative Procedure. It is formed by the association of research groups, with no physical contiguity, belonging to different administrations, institutions and regional governments, from public and private sectors with research lines and goals focused on the specific common area of neurodegenerative diseases and being coordinated to achieve scientific objectives that could hardly be considered in a more restricted execution context. CIBERNED is governed in the internal operating rules, by way of a Regulation.
Currently, the CIBERNED-CIEN Foundation partnership is the only research center in Spain (and one of the few in the world) integrated into the international network of Centres of Excellence in Neurodegeneration (COEN), an initiative arising from the European Union Joint Programme for Research in Neurodegenerative Diseases (JPND). This joint program constitutes an innovative collaborative research initiative created to address the growing challenges posed by this group of diseases. Its goal is to boost the impact of research by aligning existing national research programs and identifying the common objectives whose scope would benefit through joint action.
The Scientific Director Office has been set since October 2011 at the Center for Molecular Biology "Severo Ochoa" (CSIC) in Madrid. The headquarters, including the General Manager Office is located in the Alzheimer Center of the Queen Sofia Foundation, 5 Valderrebollo Street in Madrid.